Osteoporosis Quiz

  1. Is the following statement true or false?

    “Osteoporosis is often termed a ‘silent disease’.”


    “That is correct! Osteoporosis is a condition characterised by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. There are no symptoms or warning signs until a fracture occurs, hence the term ‘silent disease’.”
    “Incorrect. Osteoporosis is a condition characterised by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. There are no symptoms or warning signs until a fracture occurs, hence the term ‘silent disease’.”
  2. Everybody can suffer from osteoporosis. Which of the following options represent those who are at a significantly higher risk?


    “That is correct! The first five to ten years after menopause is the period where women experience the greatest and most rapid bone loss. After menopause, the body’s supply of estrogen decreases and the rate of bone loss increase even further.”
    “Incorrect. The first five to ten years after menopause is the period where women experience the greatest and most rapid bone loss. After menopause, the body’s supply of estrogen decreases and the rate of bone loss increase even further.”
  3. How can you prevent osteoporosis?


    “That is correct! A diet rich in vitamin D and calcium, regular exercise and absence of unhealthy habits will reduce your risk of bone loss later in life.”
    “Incorrect. A diet rich in vitamin D and calcium, regular exercise and absence of unhealthy habits will reduce your risk of bone loss later in life.”
  4. At which age does our bone density peak?


    “That is correct! Our bones are at their strongest at around the age of 30. As we age, less bone is made by our bodies and more bone is lost.”
    “Incorrect. Our bones are at their strongest at around the age of 30. As we age, less bone is made by our bodies and more bone is lost.”
  5. Which of the following options below represent the minimum total daily calcium intake for adults aged 19-65 years old?


    “That is correct! If you are aged 19 to 65 years old, you should be consuming at least 700mg of calcium daily. This is the equivalent to about two and a half glasses of low-fat milk, assuming that each glass is 250ml.”
    “Incorrect. If you are aged 19 to 65 years old, you should be consuming at least 700mg of calcium daily. This is the equivalent to about two and a half glasses of low-fat milk, assuming that each glass is 250ml.”
  6. Which of the following foods is not a good source of calcium?


    “That is correct! Apples, unlike the other food options above, do not contain any calcium but are a good source of Vitamin C. Fruits like papayas and raisins are however, rich in calcium.”
    “Incorrect. Apples, unlike the other food options above, do not contain any calcium but are a good source of Vitamin C. Fruits like papayas and raisins are however, rich in calcium.”
  7. Which of the following factors contributes to the onset of Osteoporosis?


    “That is correct! You should actively exercise to promote flexibility of the muscles and strengthen your bones. Cutting down on alcohol and cigarettes do not just cut down on your risk of developing osteoporosis but also reduces your risk of developing other diseases.”
    “Incorrect. You should actively exercise to promote flexibility of the muscles and strengthen your bones. Cutting down on alcohol and cigarettes do not just cut down on your risk of developing osteoporosis but also reduces your risk of developing other diseases.”
  8. Osteoporosis can be confirmed through dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). What does this test measure?


    “That is correct! DEXA measures the density of the bones, which is also known as bone mineral density (BMD). The lower your BMD, the higher the risk of you fracturing your bones. This is especially so for the elderly who generally have lower BMD due to age.”
    “Incorrect. DEXA measures the density of the bones, which is also known as bone mineral density (BMD). The lower your BMD, the higher the risk of you fracturing your bones. This is especially so for the elderly who generally have lower BMD due to age.”
  9. Which of the following represent the treatment methods available for osteoporosis among women?


    “That is correct! SERMS and HRT are treatment methods available. However, SERMS is the recommended treatment method over HRT. It uses medications that counter the effect of reduced estrogen levels (a factor in causing bone loss). HRT contains risks when used as a treatment method over long periods of time. Consult your doctor on the best treatment plan for you.”
    “Incorrect. SERMS and HRT are treatment methods available. However, SERMS is the recommended treatment method over HRT. It uses medications that counter the effect of reduced estrogen levels (a factor in causing bone loss). HRT contains risks when used as a treatment method over long periods of time. Consult your doctor on the best treatment plan for you.”
  10. Is the following statement true or false?

    “Consuming large amounts of calcium alone is enough to treat Osteoporosis.”


    “That is correct! Just consuming calcium alone is not a treatment for osteoporosis, as certain medications that you are currently on may have contributed to your condition of osteoporosis. Consult your doctor on the best treatment plan for you.”
    “Incorrect. Just consuming calcium alone is not a treatment for osteoporosis, as certain medications that you are currently on may have contributed to your condition of osteoporosis. Consult your doctor on the best treatment plan for you.”