Diabetes Quiz

  1. Is the following statement true or false?

    “Diabetes is a disease resulting in a problem with production of insulin (a hormone manufactured by the pancreas, which helps glucose leave the blood and enter the muscles and other tissues of the body).


    “Correct. Diabetes is a group of diseases defined by high levels of blood glucose (a sugar in our blood and a source of energy for our bodies) resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Diabetes, which usually is caused by a metabolic disorder, also may result from a genetic syndrome, medications, malnutrition, infections, viruses, or other illnesses.”
    “Incorrect. Diabetes is a group of diseases defined by high levels of blood glucose (a sugar in our blood and a source of energy for our bodies) resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Diabetes, which usually is caused by a metabolic disorder, also may result from a genetic syndrome, medications, malnutrition, infections, viruses, or other illnesses.”
  2. Is the following statement true or false?

    “Meal planning is the cornerstone to good diabetes control”.


    “That is correct! The aims of meal planning in diabetes are to help patients achieve as near normal a blood glucose level as possible to prevent and slow down the development of complications; achieve adequate nutrition; and achieve a health weight which is important for good diabetes control.”
    “Incorrect. Meal planning helps diabetic patients achieve as near normal a blood glucose level as possible to prevent and slow down the development of complications; achieve adequate nutrition; and achieve a health weight which is important for good diabetes control.”
  3. Is the following statement true or false?

    “Type 1 diabetes, a condition where there is too much glucose in the blood because the body does not produce enough insulin, only affects children.”


    “That is correct! Type 1 diabetes affects children and young adults, although the disease can occur at any age. It is most often caused when the body’s immune system destroys, or attempts to destroy, the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin (the only place in the body that makes the hormone that regulates blood glucose). Risk factors include autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors.”
    “Incorrect. Type 1 diabetes affects children and young adults, although the disease can occur at any age. It is most often caused when the body’s immune system destroys, or attempts to destroy, the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin (the only place in the body that makes the hormone that regulates blood glucose). Risk factors include autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors.”
  4. Which of the options below indicate people who have a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, a condition whereby the insulin produced does not work well enough ?


    “That is correct! If you are over 40 years old, lead a sedentary lifestyle and have a family history of diabetes, you are at a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.”
    “Incorrect. People who exercise regularly and who have no family history of diabetes are at a relatively lower risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.”
  5. Is the following statement true or false?

    “Gestational diabetes, which may occur in a woman during pregnancy, could cause a newborn to be considerably larger than a normal newborn.”


    “That is correct! A physician will carefully monitor and control blood sugar levels just as soon as the diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made. Fortunately, women with gestational diabetes usually do not have elevated blood sugar levels until the 24th week of pregnancy, after the critical first trimester. However, this condition may cause a foetus to grow a bit larger than normal. In addition, gestational diabetes is considered a risk factor for Type 2 diabetes for these women after pregnancy.”
    “Incorrect. Women diagnosed with gestational diabetes usually do not have elevated blood sugar levels until the 24th week of pregnancy, after the critical first trimester. However, this condition may cause a foetus to grow a bit larger than normal. In addition, gestational diabetes is considered a risk factor for Type 2 diabetes for these women after pregnancy.”
  6. Is the following statement true or false?

    “Only those with Type 1 diabetes need insulin injections to manage the condition while those with Type 2 diabetes only need to depend on oral medication throughout their lives.”


    “That is correct! Although a patient with Type 1 diabetes is dependent on insulin injections since his pancreas is unable to produce insulin, patients with Type 2 diabetes may need insulin injections as well. This usually occurs when oral medication is no longer effective in managing the condition.”
    “Incorrect. Although a patient with Type 1 diabetes is dependent on insulin injections since his pancreas is unable to produce insulin, patients with Type 2 diabetes may need insulin injections as well. This usually occurs when oral medication is no longer effective in managing the condition.”
  7. Which of the following options are the common signs and symptoms of diabetes in adults?


    “That is correct! People with diabetes may experience some or all of the listed signs and symptoms.”
    “Incorrect. People with diabetes may experience some or all of the listed signs and symptoms.”
  8. Which of the following are preventive actions one may take to reduce the risk of developing diabetes?


    “That is correct! You should take all of the above listed preventive steps to reduce your risk of developing diabetes.”
    “Incorrect. You should take all of the above listed preventive steps to reduce your risk of developing diabetes.”
  9. What should a diabetic patient do to manage his/her condition better?


    “That is correct! Patients with diabetes should take all of the above steps to manage and control his/her condition better.”
    “Incorrect. Patients with diabetes should take all of the above steps to manage and control his/her condition better.”
  10. Is the following statement true or false?

    “Untreated or uncontrolled diabetes can lead to serious complications, which include heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, impotence, loss of sensation in the hands and feet.”


    “That is correct! Heart and vascular disease often go hand-in-hand with diabetes. Diabetes also negatively affect cholesterol levels and may contribute to high blood pressure. Such patients are therefore at higher risk of developing other illnesses and conditions.”
    “Incorrect. Heart and vascular disease often go hand-in-hand with diabetes. Diabetes also negatively affect cholesterol levels and may contribute to high blood pressure. Such patients are therefore at higher risk of developing other illnesses and conditions.”