The Vaccination Clinic is available at National Healthcare Group Polyclinics (NHGP). The clinic offers a broad range of vaccinations and provides pre- and post-travel counselling.
If you are planning a trip overseas, it is ideal that you set up an appointment 4 to 6 weeks before your planned departure date. Most vaccines take time to become effective and some vaccines must be given in a series and will offer you protection only after 2 to 3 doses.
However, even if you have not made your appointment, it might not be too late to get some vaccinations and other information about how to protect yourself from illness and injury while travelling.
If you wish to know which vaccines are recommended for your particular travel destination, refer to http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) encourages travellers to e-register themselves before travel. For more information and advice to travellers, please click here to access the website of the MFA.
As part of our efforts in prevention and early treatment of infectious diseases, NHGP offers recommended vaccines to protect children and adults from common diseases they are at risk against.
The following vaccines are available in NHGP and are recommended even if you do not travel.
- Hepatitis A Vaccination
Hepatitis A is a serious liver disease caused by the Hepatitis A virus. It spreads by close contact with individuals infected with the virus or by eating food or drinking water contaminated with the virus.
Hepatitis A vaccination can prevent Hepatitis A. Blood screening for the virus may be done but it is not compulsory prior to vaccination. The vaccination consists of 2 doses which are given 6 months apart.
- Hepatitis B Vaccination
The Hepatitis B virus causes Hepatitis B, which is another type of serious liver disease. It spreads through contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person.
Hepatitis B vaccination can prevent the disease and its serious consequences, including liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. The vaccination is usually given in 3 to 4 doses. The second dose is given 1 month after the first, the third dose is given 5 months after the second dose. Some people may need a fourth dose if they have not built up sufficient immunity after 3 doses.
Pre-vaccination Hepatitis B screening is compulsory. If you have had a Hepatitis B screening done, please bring along your blood test result. If your screening was done more than 6 months before, you will be required to undergo the test again before vaccination can be given.
- Hepatitis A & B Combined Vaccination
Alternatively, you may wish to have the combined Hepatitis A & B vaccine. This vaccine offers convenience by protecting you against both viruses. Pre-vaccination Hepatitis B screening is needed before you can receive this vaccination.
The combined Hepatitis A & B vaccination schedule is the same as that of Hepatitis B vaccination.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccination
There are 2 types of HPV vaccines available in Singapore - Gardasil and Cervarix. Only Cervarix is available in our polyclinics. Cervarix is a vaccine indicated in females from 10 to 25 years of age for the prevention of persistent infection and cervical cancer caused by HPV Types 16 and 18. The vaccine is given in 3 doses and is medisave payable (current medisave limits apply).
Meningococcal Vaccination is required for Haj pilgrims and is also recommended prior your travel to endemic areas. The vaccination protects against ACWY strains and only 1 dose is required.
- Tetanus Vaccination
Tetanus is a disease caused by the bacteria, Clostridium tetani. You can get tetanus if dirt or manure gets into a cut or wound. Animal bites are also a rare tetanus hazard. It is advisable to vaccinate against tetanus if you have not had the vaccine in the last 10 years and are going to remote areas where medical care is not easily accessible.
- Typhoid Vaccination
Typhoid fever is caused by the bacteria Salmonella Typhii. People who get typhoid usually become carriers who can spread the disease to others. Most people get typhoid from contaminated food and water. The typhoid vaccine protects you from this disease. Only 1 dose is required every 3 years.
The current typhoid vaccine available in NHGP is suitable for adults and children above 5 years of age.
- Chickenpox Vaccination
Chickenpox (also known as "Varicella") is a common childhood disease. It is usually mild, but can be serious in young infants and older adults. The chickenpox virus spreads from person to person through the air, or by contact with the fluid from the blisters on the body.
Some people will still catch chickenpox despite being vaccinated. However, the disease will be a mild form with few blisters, compared to people who have not had the vaccine.
Chickenpox vaccination should be used with caution if you come in regular contact with pregnant women (who have never had chickenpox or have never received vaccination), or people with a weak immune system. This is because the vaccine can cause (although rare) small spots and blisters which are infectious to appear on the body.
Women who are pregnant should not receive the chickenpox vaccine. Pregnancy should also be avoided 3 months after each vaccination.
Children between 1 and 12 years of age require 1 dose only, while adults and adolescents from 13 years onwards require 2 doses 6 to 10 weeks apart.
- Influenza Vaccination
Influenza is a contagious disease caused by the influenza virus, spread by coughing, sneezing or nasal secretions.
The influenza vaccination protects against influenza. There are many different types of influenza viruses, and they mutate constantly; hence an annual vaccination is recommended. Only 1 dose is required and it takes 2 weeks for protection to develop after vaccination.
The influenza vaccine is recommended for the elderly, frequent travellers and patients with diabetes, chronic heart disease or respiratory ailments.
- Pneumococcal Vaccination
Pneumococcal infection is a bacterial infection that is spread by coughing, sneezing and contact with nasal fluids. Signs of infection include high fever, cough, and shortness of breath. If the brain is infected, there may be headaches and confusion.
Pneumococcal vaccination is recommended for all persons with chronic illnesses such as asthma, diabetes, heart and pulmonary diseases and for elderly people above 65 years of age.
Some vaccines are not safe for pregnant or breastfeeding women. You are also advised to avoid pregnancy for 3 months after most vaccinations. Consult your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding and want to receive a particular vaccine.
Polyclinics with this service: